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Glossary of Waste Terms- C

Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)
A range of compounds of chlorine, fluorine and carbon.  Implicated mainly in the destruction of stratospheric ozone but also in enhancing the greenhouse effect.

Civic Amenity
A specially developed location for the controlled reception of bulky wastes, from both householders and small traders.

Cleaner Production
Any manufacturing or production process which assist with the reduction of waste, the reduction emissions and energy reduction.

Co-mingled
Materials are co-mingled when they are mixed together in a single container or collection vehicle.

Commercial Waste
Waste from premises used wholly or mainly for the purposes of a trade or business or for the purpose of sport, recreation, education or entertainment but not including household; agricultural or industrial waste.

Composting
A biological process where organic material is broken down by the action of microorganisms.  The degradation takes place in the presence of air (i.e. aerobic conditions) with the generation of heat and produces carbon dioxide, water, and a stabilised organic residue known as humus Waste-derived compost can be used as a soil conditioner and improver.

Construction and Demolition Waste
Construction and demolition (C&D) waste includes all wastes arising from construction, demolition or directly, to man or the environment.

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