Source reduction programmes are designed to reduce both quantities of waste generated by products, and the toxic constituents in products. It is a front-end waste management approach that includes strategies such as the design and manufacture of products (including packaging) for minimum volume, minimum toxic content and longer life. Businesses, institutions and citizens may also practice source reduction through selective purchasing and the reuse of products and materials.
Source reduction practices can also be referred to as waste prevention, waste minimisation and pollution prevention.
Reducing the amount of toxicity of waste generated, for example, using reusable ceramic coffee mugs rather than disposable paper or polystyrene cups.
Development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generation to meet their own needs.